Explained: The longest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century

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Explained: The longest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century

Coincidentally, Mars will be the closest it has been to Earth in 15 years on the same night.

Q&A Where and when can I see the "blood moon"? It will not be visible in North America and much of the Pacific Ocean because there it will be morning or afternoon. Meanwhile, the total eclipse may begin at 1 am on 28 July.

The period of complete eclipse - known as "totality", when the moon appears darkest - will last from 1930 to 2113 GMT.

That can make the moon look slightly smaller and less bright, especially compared with a super moon. The Penumbral Eclipse begins at 22.44 PM IST on July 27.

Viewers in the Middle East, eastern Africa, southern Asia and India will be in prime position to witness the entire eclipse.

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At the same time, Mars will hover near the moon in the night sky, easily visible with the naked eye.

"The two red objects in the sky will be a spectacular combination", said Prof Andrew Coates of University College London's Mullard Space Science Laboratory.

A "blood moon" happens when Earth's moon is in full eclipse and has no special astronomical significance, rather, the view in the sky is striking as the usually whitish moon becomes red or ruddy-brown.

Skywatchers are advised to pick a location with a clear horizon on the south-east in order to maximise their viewing time.

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Fabian says, 'If you were standing on the moon in this eclipse, you would see the sun and then the earth would come in the way and blot out the sun.

The best vantage point to watch the blood moon will be anywhere with an unobstructed view to the west. "The rim of the Earth would be glowing because light is being scattered by the Earth's atmosphere". This light appears reddish for the same reason that a sunset or sunrise does.

So where can you see the total lunar eclipse?

The Royal Astronomical Society said that Mars and the moon will appear low in the sky for everyone in the United Kingdom, so a location with an unobstructed southeastern horizon will afford the best view. "It's something that people have heard of before", she said.

The Moon will appear red during the eclipse.

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"You can't miss Mars right now in the sky right now - it's a bright-red sparkling jewel", said Simon.

The celestial spectacle will be taking place alongside the Blood Moon, as well as the Mars opposition.

"The plane of orbit of the earth around the sun and the plane of orbit of the moon around the earth are very close to each other". The sunlight is detoured by the Earth's atmosphere, due to the presence of a blanket of air, hits the darkened Moon. The next time that record will be broken is in 2287. It will appear unusually large and bright, a mere 35.9 million miles from Earth on its elliptical orbit around the sun.

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