Theresa May has seen off a threatened rebellion on Brexit with last-minute concessions which could give MPs a bigger say on the final withdrawal agreement and make a "no-deal" European Union exit all but impossible.
MPs will spend a total of 12 hours debating and voting on 14 Lords amendments to the EU Withdrawal Bill - six hours on Tuesday and six hours on Wednesday.
The move would have given Parliament the power to prevent a "no-deal" Brexit.
They subsequently warned they will not be easily bought off, while Tory Brexiteers urged ministers not to concede any ground.
"I am incredibly sad to have had to announce my resignation as a minister in Her Majesty's government so that I can better speak up for my constituents and country over how Brexit is now being delivered", Mr Lee said on Twitter.
May is resisting changes approved by the House of Lords that would soften Britain's exit from the European Union, because she says they will weaken the government's negotiating position.
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Government sources confirmed ministers will now discuss the possible incorporation of these elements of Mr Grieve's proposals into the legislation. "I'm fairly confident we will be able to do that".
However, despite backing down, pro-Remain Tories signalled they would not be easily consoled by a compromise offered by ministers.
She said unless there was a "meaningful vote" Parliament would be left with "the grim choice between a poor deal and exit with no deal at all".
This came after a last-minute resignation by the justice minister Dr Phillip Lee, who said he could no longer look his children in the eye and vote to support the government.
Speaking on Channel 4 News, Mr Rees-Mogg delivered his first reaction to the votes on the Brexit Lords amendments that took place in Parliament today.
"This justifies my decision to resign and makes it a lot less painful".
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In what is likely to be a highly-charged appearance before the backbench 1922 Committee on Monday, the Prime Minister is expected to say that the way MPs vote will send a message.
It is thought that both the government and the Remainer group of Tory MPs consider the outcome to be a success.
Pro-Brexit Conservative MP Edward Leigh slammed pro-EU colleagues, saying Parliament must respect the result of the June 2016 voter referendum.
3 - If there is no agreement by February 15, 2019, the government have to bring the matter to the Commons within five days.
Solicitor General Robert Buckland intervened four times during a speech by the former Attorney General Dominic Grieve, whose amendment would effectively give MPs a veto on the government's negotiating agenda if a deal isn't done by the end of November. "That's what this House voted on Article 50".
- After a rollercoaster week of Brexit rows within her government and with Brussels, British Prime Minister Theresa May will on Tuesday seek to avoid another setback in a long-awaited showdown with parliament.
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